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GREEK RESISTANCE SONG WITH RARE FOOTAGE
4 nov 2009
GREEK. RESISTANCE. SONG. WITH. RARE. FOOTAGE. WWII. WW2. World. War. II. 1.941. 1.944. NAZI. occupation. axis. allies. gorgopotamos. astraftei. olympos. vrontaei. giona. sta. st. armata. στ. άρματα. Εθνική. Αντίσταση. EAM. ELAS. EOEA. EDES. EKKA. 5/42. Evzones. Regiment. army
In February 1.942. EAMs central Committee decided to form a military corps. called the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS). that would first operate in the mountains of Central Greece. with Aris Velouchiotis as their chief captain, Later. on 28 July 1.942. Napoleon Zervas announced the foundation of the "National Groups of Greek Guerrillas" (EOEA). as EDES' military arm. to operate. at first. in the region of Aetoloakarnania, EKKA also formed a military corps. the "5/42 Evzones Regiment" under Dimitrios Psarros. that was mainly localized in the area of Mount Giona,
Until the summer of 1.942. the occupation authorities had been little troubled by the armed Resistance. which was still in its infancy, The Italians in particular. in control of most of the countryside. considered the situation to have been normalized, From that point. however. the Resistance gained pace. with EAM/ELAS in particular expanding rapidly. with armed groups attacking and disarming local gendarmerie stations and isolated Italian outposts. or touring the villages and giving speeches, The Italians were forced to re-evaluate their assessment. and take such measures such as the deportation of Army officers to camps in Italy and Germany. which naturally only encouraged the latter to join the underground en masse by escaping "to the mountains",
These developments emerged most dramatically as the Greek Resistance announced its presence to the world with one of the war's most spectacular sabotage acts. the blowing up of the Gorgopotamos railway bridge. linking northern and southern Greece. on 25 November 1.942, This operation was the result of British mediation between ELAS and EDES (Operation "Harling"). carried out by 12 British SOE saboteurs and a joint ELAS-EDES force, This was the first and last time that the two major Resistance groups would cooperate. due to the rapidly developing rivalry and ideological retrenchment between them,